Buying a luxury yacht is a big decision and with so much choice available it is important that you ask the right questions and think through exactly what you might want in order to find the perfect match.
Getting a good feel for what you do and don’t like before beginning the process of creating a yacht shortlist, whether through charter, visiting a boat show or simply discussing what you imagine your ideal yacht to be with one of IYC’s expert team can be a valuable exercise. Most importantly, finding the right broker who you trust and enjoy working with is a crucial decision that will influence your whole buying experience.
Here are our top considerations around buying a yacht. Having answers to some or all of these points will help to narrow down the selection and bring more clarity to your decision process.
Setting your budget will help to filter out some available options and effect some of the key points to review (outlined below) with budget having an impact on many factors such as size. Having established your budget you may decide that buying a brokerage yacht is a better decision than a new build project as you may be able to get more yacht for your money rather than building from scratch.
Motor versus sail? Some people will instantly be able to answer this question, others may prefer to view both types of yacht before making a final decision. Each yacht type offers very different experiences of ownership and has its own advantages. If travelling under sail, or involvement in the vibrant and busy sailing regatta scene appeals then a sailing yacht may be for you. If you are looking for more onboard space, stability and a better communications setup, a motor yacht may suit you better, with motor yachts also often being more popular with families.
Size can come with usage restrictions, so it is worth thinking carefully about how you will use your yacht. Do you want to visit areas that necessitate a shallow draft, or are you planning to stick to bigger, deep water ports? Make sure you choose a yacht big enough to accommodate the number of people you would like to host on board. Remember the bigger the yacht, the higher the running costs.
New versus used can be the biggest decision to make, with clear advantages to both. A new build allows you a clean slate, no surprises or secrets, and with as much creative vision as you like. If buying pre-owned there are also many benefits, including a short wait time before taking delivery, a lower cost price than a new build and the ability to try before you buy. If you are buying a brokerage yacht you may wish to set a limit on the age of the yacht when undertaking your search.
Deciding on the type or style of yacht is a very personal choice and you may have a distinct preference of designer, builder, hull type and more. If having a one of a kind yacht is important to you then a custom build is likely the best option, while many owners opt for tried and tested production models, or a compromise between custom and production with a semi-custom model.
Hull type, including number of hulls, is very relevant to how you wish to use your yacht, with displacement, semi-displacement and planing the main choices. The exterior styling is another very important and personal choice, with a wide range of designs on offer from explorer yachts and classic sailing yachts to fast, streamlined modern yachts.
When deciding accommodation needs there are several questions to ask. How many people would you like to be able to welcome on board? Will you be chartering the yacht and is it a charter friendly accommodation layout? Do you want complete privacy between crew and guest areas? Does the yacht need to have child-friendly accommodation or have good disabled access with lifts and ramps? What service level are you expecting and can the yacht accommodate the number of crew that will meet these expectations?
Where you would like to use your yacht can have a big impact on the type of yacht you choose. Some cruising areas may have restrictions such as a shallow draft. Does your yacht need to be able to travel long distances or be hardy enough to endure extended ocean passages, and will longer trips require extra on board storage? If you are planning to keep your yacht in a hot/dry/cold environment has it been designed with this in mind? Is there a particular port or marina you want to moor in and does this have size/draft limitations?
Some people like to get from A to B fast, with speed being incredibly important to them. Others may place more importance on comfort and stability when at sea. If you are planning extended cruising you should ensure the yacht you choose has a great enough range to achieve the required distances. Your chosen hull type will also have an impact on comfort and speed.
The interior design is one of the best ways to make your mark on a yacht and finding a yacht that is to your taste is crucial. You may prefer a classically styled yacht or perhaps a more modern look. Are there particular items or pieces of artwork you would like to bring on board and will they work alongside the interior? You may also be seeking an interior that is the work of a particular designer. If the existing interior is not to your liking but everything else about the yacht meets your requirements you might consider the option of an interior refit.
Depending on how you plan to use your yacht there may be onboard features that are desirable or must-haves. If you are a lover of the outdoors and/or watersports a beach club or ample storage for toys and tenders will likely be a must. If you plan to entertain, dedicated dining areas, outdoor spaces and a spacious galley will be important to you. There may also be certain design aspects, such as large windows, good indoor-outdoor flow or a private owners deck that appeal.
There is a wide range of choice when it comes to yacht construction materials, with differences in weight, strength, material costs and more with each bringing their own benefits. Most modern yachts are built from a choice of four main materials: aluminium, steel, GRP and wood. Make sure you are clear on the advantages and limitations of each option – your IYC Sales Consultant can talk you through this. Many yacht designs will draw on a combination of materials and some yards and/or designers will specialize in or have a preference for a particular material, which may influence your choice.
There have been huge advances in environmentally friendly yacht design in recent years with ‘green’ yachts offering both financial and environmental advantages thanks to use of hybrid technology, efficient hull design and more. You should decide if this is an important aspect of your yacht’s design.
If you are planning to charter your yacht you will need to ensure you are buying a yacht that is either already compliant, or able to be made compliant, with the various rules and regulations that will allow it to be chartered out. Note that a charter compliant yacht can be a real positive when it comes to resale down the line.
Private ownership means you need to think of no one but yourself, while charter yachts may be styled or designed with a wider audience in mind. Consider whether you are willing to share your yacht with others and whether you are happy to have a layout/interior that is suited to a charter audience.
It is important to give thought to annual running costs on top of purchase price, and one of IYC’s specialist team can advise on this. Costs will directly relate to the type, size and usage of the yacht, with aspects like fuel costing more if you plan to cover significant distances, and maintenance costs rising alongside hours of use and conditions in which the yacht is kept. Having a good idea of what your yacht will cost to run and whether this fits in your budget, will ensure no surprises.
Based on all the above information, your IYC Sales Consultant will send you a comprehensive overview of the market along with a list of yachts that are strongly recommended to you and that meet your wish list (attractive price/good value, good condition, interior layout and decor that fit your criteria). The list will most probably include yachts which are not officially on the market but that our global sales team have direct access to through its network of contacts.
Following the initial market search results and after exchanging information with your IYC Sales Consultant, a short list of approximately five to eight yachts will be created. Your Consultant will then be able to provide you even more accurate information on the short listed vessels (closing price indication, detailed condition assessment, highlights or potential problems), and also provide information on important aspects such as the approximate annual running costs based on usage in order for you to make a fully educated decision on which are your preferred yachts to take a closer look at.
Next your IYC Sales Consultant will arrange visits to all shortlisted yachts to allow you to see each yacht for yourself and get a real feel for what the yacht is like. Your Consultant will be able to assist with all related logistics around these visits, whether this entails transport, accommodation or fine dining. Please note that all yachts will be pre-vetted before your visit. If none of these yachts are to your liking the search and shortlist process will continue.
Once you have selected a yacht you are interested in, the negotiation stage will be handled by the Sales Consultant, always with your final approval. Using their in-depth knowledge of the market and of recent similar transactions, your Consultant will be able to guide you at every step of the negotiation. The hope is to agree with the Seller on the basic parameters including, but not limited to, price. The closing documentation, closing location and choice of stakeholder are just a few of the items that will form part of the negotiation process and subsequent contractual agreement.
In addition, your Sales Consultant will act as a liaison with the Seller’s side but also as a coordinator with the legal and technical team.
Once the agreement is fully executed and the deposit in place, the delicate due diligence phase of the sea trials and survey follows. Your consultant will coordinate (and if needs be, introduce) the team of experts that will survey the yacht.
As this phase is critical, your Consultant’s expertise will guarantee there are no hidden defects or hidden risks (on yacht’s documentation) associated with the purchase of the yacht.
Once the condition of the yacht is accepted, the sales process will be handled until the actual closing day by your Sales Consultant. In the meantime your Consultant will work hand in hand with our crew agency and yacht management department in order to guarantee a smooth transition of ownership, and take care of details that will make your experience of owning a yacht as enjoyable as you imagined it.